Areas of Special Educational Need and/or Disability
Last Updated on Wednesday, 23 September 2015 15:25 Written by Administrator Friday, 13 June 2014 13:03
The Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice identifies four Broad Areas of Need These are:
Communication and Interaction
Children and young people with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) have difficulty in communicating with others. This may be because they have difficulty saying what they want to, understanding what is being said to them or they do not understand or use social rules of communication. The profile for every child with SLCN is different and their needs may change over time. They may have difficulty with one, some or all of the different aspects of speech, language or social communication at different times of their lives.
Children and young people with ASD, including Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism, are likely to have particular difficulties with social interaction. They may also experience difficulties with language, communication and imagination, which can impact on how they relate to others.
Lambeth offers parents of children and young people with needs on the Autistic Spectrum prime either a place in a mainstream school with support, or, if they have a Statement or an EHC Plan, a place in a mainstream school, or a place in either of the two specialist ASD schools, Turney or Lansdowne, or a place in one of the newly developed ASD Resource Bases. Pupils with very complex needs who may also be on the Autistic spectrum are educated at our two SLD special schools.
In the case of the very small number of parents who seek a particular approach, for example Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) or Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention (EIBA), the SEND placement team discuss the options with parents to help them make their choice. In this way Lambeth makes different approaches available to children, young people and their parents/carers.
Cognition and learning
Support for learning difficulties may be required when children and young people learn at a slower pace than their peers, even with appropriate differentiation. Learning difficulties cover a wide range of needs, including moderate learning difficulties (MLD), severe learning difficulties (SLD), where children are likely to need support in all areas of the curriculum and associated difficulties with mobility and communication, through to profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD), where children are likely to have severe and complex learning difficulties as well as a physical disability or sensory impairment.
Specific learning difficulties (SpLD), affect one or more specific aspects of learning. This encompasses a range of conditions such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia.
Social and emotional and mental health difficulties
Children and young people may experience a wide range of social and emotional difficulties which manifest themselves in many ways. These may include becoming withdrawn or isolated, as well as displaying challenging, disruptive or disturbing behaviour. These behaviours may reflect underlying mental health difficulties such as anxiety or depression, self-harming, substance misuse, eating disorders or physical symptoms that are medically unexplained. Other children and young people may have disorders such as attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder or attachment disorder.
Schools and colleges should have clear processes to support children and young people, including how they will manage the effect of any disruptive behaviour so it does not adversely affect other pupils. The Department for Education publishes guidance on managing pupils’ mental health and behaviour difficulties in schools – – see the References section under Chapter 6 for a link.
Sensory and/or physical needs
Some children and young people require special educational provision because they have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of the educational facilities generally provided. These difficulties can be age related and may fluctuate over time. Many children and young people with vision impairment (VI), hearing impairment (HI) or a multi-sensory impairment (MSI) will require specialist support and/or equipment to access their learning, or habilitation support. Children and young people with an MSI have a combination of vision and hearing difficulties. Information on how to provide services for deafblind children and young people is available through the Social Care for Deafblind Children and Adults guidance published by the Department of Health (see the References section under Chapter 6 for a link).
Some children and young people with a physical disability (PD) require additional ongoing support and equipment to access all the opportunities available to their peers.
Other Medically Diagnosed Disabilities
Some children and young people have other medically diagnosed disabilities which may impact upon their learning. Support for parents/carers and young people for these disabilities is available from the local Health Services and other agencies.
Lark Hall ASD Outreach service
This is the Lambeth ASD outreach service. For more information about this service follow this link
Ambitious About Autism
We are the national charity for children and young people with autism. We provide services, training, raise awareness and understanding, and campaign for change.
The National Autistic Society website: http://www.autism.org.uk/
St Piers Lane, Lingfield, Surrey RH7 6PW St Piers School and College also offer specialist education for students with neurological conditions and learning disabilitieshttp://ye5/ http://stageschool.youngepilepsy.org.uk/ http://stagecollege.youngepilepsy.org.uk/
Lambeth ADHD multi agency group
A multi agency ADHD strategic group, with representation from health, education, social care and parents, meets regularly with the aim of improving joint care, making services responsive to need, and gathering information on diagnosis rates and outcomes for ADHD.
Contact for enquiries: Dr. Max Davie, consultant pediatrician Mary Sheridan Centre 020 8049 4005
Dyslexia Action is a national charity with over 40 years' experience in providing services and support to children, young people and adults with literacy and numeracy difficulties, dyslexia and other specific learning difficulties. We provide assessments and tuition through our national Learning Centres and in schools across the country, alongside supporting teachers and educators through the provision of teaching resources and training. We also undertake research and campaigning to improve the lives of those affected by dyslexia.
The Learning Centres offer:
Free consultations, information and advice Screening and assessments Specialist literacy and numeracy tuition for children and adults Study skills for school children Exam access arrangements Workplace consultations Awareness, screening and INSET training for schools Awareness talks for parents, teachers and other interested people Courses, e.g. Touch Typing
Your nearest Learning Centre can be found at www.dyslexiaaction.org.uk/find-us
We offer a range of services to meet different budgets and needs, one size does not fit all and services and support are provided based on individual needs.